Classical psychedelics have yet to be approved for the treatment of any illness and in most countries are presently illegal (designated as most dangerous substances by international organizations).  However, preliminary scientific research data and plenty of anecdotal evidence suggest that psychedelic-assisted therapies may be extremely effective for some of our most prevalent, debilitating, and fatal psychological or neurological conditions.

Classical psychedelics are considered to be relatively safe drugs when used recreationally.  The risks are likely to be higher if the user is on his own, takes the wrong dose, is in the wrong place, bad time, or is already under the influence of other substances – usually and probably most dangerously, alcohol. According to a Global Drug Survey, Psilocybe mushrooms are the safest of all the drugs people take recreationally.

Contraindications and dosage

Other medication

Many people who want to try magic mushrooms are still on medication and want to know if it’s possible to mix their medication with psychedelics. While psilocybin has been shown to effectively treat depression and a variety of other mental health conditions, some antidepressant drugs can interact with the substance in a dangerous or undesirable way.

Interactions between Psilocybin and other medication

Antidepressant drugs may block the therapeutic effects of Psilocybin. If you are on antidepressants, you need to ask your health provider to help you stop taking them before considering psychedelics. SSRIs function by preventing excess serotonin from being cleared from the brain, resulting in a temporary increase in serotonin levels. Although it has been hypothesized that this may contribute to serotonin syndrome in extreme situations, such risks can be reduced with appropriate guidance and medical supervision.  Most common SSRIs are:

  • Citalopram (Celexa, Cipramil)
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro, Cipralex)
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem)
  • Fluvoxamine (Luvox, Faverin)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil, Seroxat)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft, Lustral)

Health conditions that psilocybin may worsen

At first, the findings revealed that people who had used psychedelic drugs were more likely to have mental health issues. However, the researchers took into account a variety of variables that may have influenced the findings, including the participants’ age, gender, and their experience with any highly stressful life event, all of which may influence the likelihood of mental health problems. When those factors were taken into account, the researchers found that people who had used psychedelics were no more likely to develop mental health problems than those who hadn’t used the drugs.

However, it’s not advisable to use psychedelics if you or your family members had psychotic symptoms.

Dosage

Mushrooms in non-clinical settings are typically eaten orally, either as dried caps and stems or steeped in hot water and drunk as a tea, with a typical dose of 1-2.5 grams, though potency varies depending on the volume. Fresh mushrooms are usually less active than dried mushrooms. There is virtually no chance of accidental deadly overdose with psilocybin mushrooms.

Johns Hopkins study found Psilocybin dosage sweet spot for positive and lasting effects

Researchers found that as higher doses of chemically pure psilocybin were administered, the recorded positive effects increased, but there was also a sharp rise in the negative effects at the very highest dose, which was perhaps unsurprising. At the maximum dose (30 mg/70 kg, p.o. – meaning “per oral” or “by mouth”), 78 percent of the volunteers recorded one of the top five most spiritually important events of their lives, but those experiencing anxiety, stress, and fear episodes increased sixfold, resulting in about a third of those in the study showing signs of psychological distress.

By contrast, only one of the volunteers receiving the second-highest dose (20mg/70 kg, p.o.) reported having negative issues, and all benefited from positive experiences, although with less intensity than at the highest dose. Critically, even the lowest amount used in the study resulted in notable and long-lasting positive changes in the attitudes, behavior, overall satisfaction and spiritual beliefs of the subjects during the period of study. These changes were also noticed by family members and friends.

Psilocybe cubensis

The concentrations of psilocin and psilocybin, as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, are in the range of 0.14–0.42% and 0.37–1.30% (dry weight) in the whole mushroom, 0.17–0.78%, and 0.44–1.35% in the cap, and 0.09 and 0.30%/0.05–1.27% in the stem, respectively.

 

Buying psychedelics online

Purchasing drugs over the internet, via social media, or on the dark web can be highly dangerous and lead to death. The potency of drugs varies from one batch to the next. Even within the same batch, the intensity of the tablets may differ. There are no quality and purity control or safety tests on illicit products. It’s possible that the drug you think you’re buying is just a minor component of the overall product or isn’t present at all. To bulk up illegal drugs and maximize the amount of money the seller gets, they are often mixed with other substances. You can’t say if a drug would have the effect you predict, have no effect at all, or have more harmful side effects than you expected.

Buying illicit drugs or psychoactive substances is the riskiest choice. If you buy drugs online, test them first. When consuming it, start with a small dose and gradually increase the dosage, giving it enough time to achieve its full effect. Be mindful that the full effect of certain medications can take a few hours or longer to manifest. A slow response does not always imply that the medication is ineffective. Do not use drugs alone; make sure someone is nearby and knows how to assist you if you have a negative reaction or overdose.

Only a small portion of the internet is indexed by Google. According to some figures, there is 500 times more content on the internet than Google returns in search results. The “surface web” refers to the links that Google and other search engines return when you type in a query, while the “deep web” or “invisible web” refers to all other, non-searchable content.

Darknet

The darknet, also known as the dark web, is a small part of the deep web. The dark web is made up of websites and resources that have been intentionally hidden. The dark web’s administrators and users are also anonymous. Although not everything on the darknet is illegal, it’s where you’ll find many of the internet’s black markets, hacker forums, malware vendors, and other illicit activity.

Marketplaces, where illegal items such as drugs, weapons, and stolen credit card numbers are bought and sold, are the type of platform most widely associated with the dark web.

The dark web, on the other hand, includes information and data that can be accessed anonymously. It may be a personal gaming server, a blog, a website, or a chat room. The anonymity of the dark web is its appeal. In the real world, no one knows who anyone else is unless they take the requisite precautions. The names of users are kept private from governments and companies. Journalists and whistleblowers also use the dark web and Tor to share classified information.

Use the TOR browser

Tor browser

Tor is needed to access the vast majority of the dark web. Tor is a network of volunteer relays that directs a user’s internet connection. The link is encrypted, and all data is routed through relays around the world, ensuring that the user remains anonymous.
The Tor Browser is the most convenient way to use Tor. It is available for free download and installation. You may use a VPN and your current browser’s private/incognito mode to mask your Tor Browser download.

Tor Browser allows you to access both the public and private internet. All of your traffic is routed via the Tor Network by default. Make sure you only download the Tor Browser from the official website to prevent infecting your computer with malware, spyware, or other viruses. The Tor Browser is currently only available for Windows, Mac, Android, and Linux. Many experts warn against using Tor Network-enabled third-party mobile browsers.

Use a VPN

Use a VPN

While websites and ISPs are unable to recognize you or decode your internet traffic, they may detect Tor use. This can arouse doubts and attract unnecessary attention to yourself. If you want to use Tor privately, you can use either a VPN or Tor Bridges (Tor nodes that are not publicly indexed). Tor users in the USA, in particular, may want to use a VPN, which will be faster and more reliable. When using a VPN for the dark web, your ISP will not be able to see that you are connected to a Tor node, only an encrypted tunnel to a VPN server.

The purchase

The purchase

You can now easily visit dark web pages and secret wikis, but you’ll need to take some steps if you want to do something else. You’ll need to build a false identity if you want to make a purchase on a darknet marketplace like Silk Road to get those drugs you are desperate to have. This includes creating an encrypted email address, encrypting messages with PGP, using a password, creating an anonymous bitcoin wallet, disabling Javascript in Tor Browser, investigating vendors, and more.

We can’t stress enough how important protection and anonymity are for those who use dark websites. Your internet service provider and the government may not be able to see what you’re doing on the Tor Network, but they do know you’re doing it, and that alone may raise some eyebrows. In fact, the US Supreme Court recently ruled that merely using Tor was adequate probable cause for law enforcement to search and seize any device anywhere on the planet.

Another important measure is to double-check your .onion URLs. The majority of onion URLs are made up of a series of apparently random letters and numbers. Save the URL in an encrypted note until you’re sure you’ve got it right—the Tor browser won’t save it for later. Otherwise, you risk becoming a victim of a phishing scam like this bogus bitcoin mixer.

Mailing illicit drugs

Mailing illicit drugs

It is normally illegal to deliver drugs or other controlled substances via the postal system or a private carrier. In fact, sending any sort of illicit drug, whether it’s marijuana, heroin is against the law. Only those with a license (which is restricted to pharmacy firms that can mail prescription medicine only to those with legitimate prescriptions from their doctors) can legally send medications via the mail.

Not only is it illegal to send drugs, but it is also illegal to receive those drugs. If you know you are receiving a package that contains drugs or another banned substance, you might face the same consequences as the person who sent you the package.

Apps

Drug users value the convenience and pace of buying drugs through apps like Snapchat, according to a study from Royal Holloway, University of London. It warns that buyers’ personal safety and drug quality are at risk and that many feel falsely secure of avoiding law enforcement. It is “crucial and urgent” to inform young people about the threats, according to the report. “On the whole, app consumers had well-rehearsed narratives that explained their continued confidence in buying substances from unknown suppliers on apps,” according to the report.

The study poses some questions about the safety of people who buy drugs across these channels. It also mentions that many people believe that buying drugs this way would allow them to escape law enforcement. “The main point is that many app users are misinformed about the security they have, or make incorrect assumptions about them.” “It is also important to provide education about the security risks of using apps.”

Drug testing: spot – color tests

Quality control in the illicit drug market is not sufficient. Often the street seller doesn’t know the drug content of the goods they offer so what chance the buyer or the drug service? Impure street drugs can be dangerous. There are some urban legends about street drugs. The primary reason for this is that sometimes these substances are laced with poisons like rat poison, strychnine, and brick dust. In reality, contamination of this kind is uncommon, but there are real dangers in the producer’s effort to make the drugs cheaper, by mixing them with other, more potent, and possibly more dangerous psychoactive substances.

One of the cheapest and most popular methods for testing drugs is the spot/color tests, which are based on chemical reactions between analytes and indicators. Cobalt thiocyanate, Dille-Koppanyi, Duquenois-Levine, Mandelin, Marquis, nitric acid, para-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde, ferric chloride, Froehde, Mecke, Zwikker, and Simon’s (nitroprusside) are some of the potential indicator measures. The indicator interacts chemically with the analyte, causing a reaction that results in a specific color staining, which varies depending on the analyte examined. The spots are then visually compared to reference charts, with the Munsell color charts serving as the existing norm.

What compounds can be detected?

What compounds can be detected, and how accurately?

Many drugs, including cocaine, various prescription opioids, amphetamines, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), cathinones (bath salts), methamphetamine, and fentanyl, have colorimetric tests accessible. Some novel psychoactive drugs do not (yet) have any colorimetric tests associated with them. Worth noting, that the test also kills the given sample. Color analyses, on the other hand, do not require a large sample: something that can be seen can be tested.

Depending on the spot test used and the analyte, colorimetric tests can be highly sensitive, with detection limits in the microgram range. If a combination of drugs is suspected, several tests with multiple reagents may be used, but each test involves a small amount of substance and loses it during processing. With the right criteria in place, these assessments can be very specific, though high specificity can necessitate multiple studies. Specificity may be improved by having some understanding of what the material is meant to be and how such substances appear in general.

Real color results may vary depending on the dosage, whether the drug is in salt or free base form, additional diluents, or contaminants; a positive result may suggest the presence of a particular drug or class of drugs, but this is not always the case. Colorimetric experiments are based on simple chemical reactions that yield visible results that can be read with the naked eye.

Is it easy to use?

Is it easy to use?

The reagents and laboratory supplies needed are inexpensive and readily available, and the procedure can be completed with little preparation. Since everyone perceives color differently and lighting conditions aren’t always ideal in non-lab environments, using mobile apps to report color test results quantitatively will significantly improve accuracy. The required skill level is basic to intermediate. A simple test can be performed and results obtained by a basic user, while an intermediate user must run a standard protocol. Running a battery of tests to see how much sample can be collected without the user objecting is an example of an intermediate protocol.

The assessments should be based on an intelligent guess method, with interpretation and questions used to narrow down the possibilities. The following are some possible questions: What did the consumer believe it was, or what was told to them? What are some of the most recent novel substances to appear in clinics or on the street? What are the most toxic substances to search for (with the smallest dose window)? Are there any popular mixtures, such as opioid mixtures, that are known?

The assessments should be viewed within a 10-minute time frame. To assess color most accurately, the tests can be analyzed using a smartphone or, if using the naked eye, under good lighting. If a computer or the internet is open, the tests may be linked to a database. A presumptive test may then become a much more effective method as a result of such a scheme.

Shroom hunt

Psilocybe mushrooms come in a range of shapes and sizes, with some of them looking the same. Some lookalikes are highly poisonous, and ingesting them can result in serious consequences, including death. As a result, distinguishing between the various types of mushrooms is important, especially for those who prefer a high dose of shrooms. Here are a few key indicators to help you distinguish the psilocybin mushrooms.

Some of the characteristics of psilocybin mushrooms are similar. Observers should look for mushrooms that are golden brown in color, but this is not always the case. Their stems sometimes have a blue mottling, particularly when bruised—interestingly, this is caused by a chemical reaction that occurs when psilocybin and oxygen come into contact. Finally, psilocybin mushrooms have a purple veil that covers the gills, or a thin dark purple ring on the stem if it is broken.

Find a mycologist in your area and ask if you can accompany them on one of their outings. Most of the folks in mycology are really friendly. Never ingest anything that you’re uncertain of…and even then, get a second and third and fourth opinion. Better safe than sorry!

Psilocybe species

Psilocybe semilanceata

Psilocybe semilanceata – Liberty cap

The potent Psilocybe semilanceata also known as “Liberty Cap,” grows naturally in the United States, Canada, and parts of Europe. This mushroom prefers meadows, pastures, and grasslands, but unlike Psilocybe cubensis, it is not a coprophilic fungus, meaning it does not emerge from animal waste. Liberty caps, on the other hand, are more likely to appear in the grass, particularly after rain. The mushroom’s cap is a light brown color with few differences, but there are grooves visible that correspond to the gills.

 

Psilocybe cubensis

Psilocybe Cubensis

The natural habitat of this psilocybin mushroom is typically a humid grassland, where it grows from the waste of grazing mammals such as cows, horses, or goats. Psilocybe cubensis is often referred to as a coprophilic fungus, suggesting that it is a dung-loving type of mushroom. It may sound unappealing, but the explanation for this is actually very intriguing: grass-eating mammals’ dung has a low acidity (as do their stomachs, which is relevant for reasons we’ll discuss later).

 

Psilocybe fimetaria

Psilocybe fimetaria

In the Lower Mainland, this European mushroom can be found in grassy fields and grazed pastures on occasion. It has a membranous ring on its stem, similar to the common weed mushroom Psilocybe stuntzii.

 

Psilocybe serbica

Psilocybe serbica

Psilocybe serbica is a psychedelic fungus that is relatively unknown. More research into its morphological variability, distribution, and relationship to other related psilocybin species is needed by mycologists and shroomers. By 1969, it had been identified as one of the new species. Psilocybe serbica is not a distinct species from Psilocybe bohemica, according to a 2010 chemical study. They are, in truth, the same thing.

 

Panaeolus cinctulus

Panaeolus cinctulus

It’s the most common psilocybin mushroom in California. The flesh is small and cinnamon-brown to cream-colored. Gills: Adnate to adnexed, cream-colored when young, mottled dingy brown later, then soot-black. Gill edges are white and slightly fringed, but when fully grown, they turn blackish.